Flow Loop for Pipeline Simulation

Flow Assurance, Paraffin Deposition and Inhibitor Testing

Wax Flow Loop by F5 Technologie
Wax Flow Loop by F5 Technologie

In pipeline simu-lation, e.g. for ana-lysing waxy crude oil for deposition pre-diction and also in testing, developing and selecting flow assurance chemicals as wax inhibitors, it is of importance to reproduce the conditions in a real pipeline. With our newly developed, zero-slip [more...] and pulsation-free pump system, our Flow Loop provides full control of these factors:

  • temperature
  • pressure
  • and shear rate / Reynolds number
High and low viscous samples are pumped with high accuracy. Temperature controlled pump, absolutely pulsation free and no slip.
High and low viscous samples are pumped with high accuracy. Temperature controlled pump, absolutely pulsation free and no slip.

Our newly designed, zero-slip pump system provides full flow rate at all pressure and temperatures conditions, even with very low viscous samples (down to 1 mPas). So, the lab-scale approach to deposition effects and chemical efficiency becomes absolutely reliable and reproducible. And this at real lab-scale size: The complete rig fits onto your lab desk.

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Besides Wax Deposition tests, our Flow Loop provides:

  • Pipeline Restart tests
    NEW:
    Now for low viscous samples (API Gravity > 20, down to 1 mPas)
  • Yield Strength tests
  • Wax appearance temperature (WAT) determination
  • Rheology tests
  • Asphaltene precipitation tests
  • HP capability with live crude oil injection
  • Pressurization with synthetic natural gas (SNG)
  • Live crude oil tests up to 200 bar (2900 psi)
High Pressure Wax Flow Loop with Live Crude Oil Injection
High Pressure Wax Flow Loop with Live Crude Oil Injection

Adjustable parameters as flow rate and shear rate, pre-heating and cooling temperature of the test pipeline are settable in wide ranges.
Test pipeline diameter and length are also adjustable: The test pipeline  is exchanged easily by loosening two Swagelok fittings.
The test pipelines provided by F5 Technologie have a guarranteed, constant inner roughness.

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Applications

  • Pipeline simulation and paraffin deposition tests
  • Wax inhibitor developing and testing
  • Test under pressure with live crude oil injection
  • Pressurization with synthetic natural gas (SNG)
  • Wax appearance temperature (WAT) determination
  • Pipeline Restart tests, now also with low viscous oils (1 mPas, API > 20)
  • Yield Strength tests
  • Flow behaviour at varying pressure, temperature, shear rate, flow rate (Reynolds number), length and diameter

Characteristics

  • test pipeline easily exchangeable
  • all internal lines temperature controlled and heated
  • 9 to 12 temperature transducers
  • complete software control by a PC
  • all measured data is stored in Excel compatible format
  • test procedures can be stored and retrieved

Technical Data

  • Differential pressure: 5, 10 or 20 bar (72, 145 or 290 psi)
    Resolution: 0.5, 1 or 2 mbar (0.007, 0.015 or 0.029 psi)
  • Absolute pressure: 60 bar (870 psi)
    standard, higher pressure possible
  • Live crude oil injection mode
    at 200 bar (3000 psi) system pressure
  • Pre-heating temperature: 80°C max
  • Pipeline temperature: -30°C to 80°C
    standard, alternatives available
  • Flow rate:
    0.005 to 100 cc/min

    depending on pump layout
    alternatives available
    pulsation-free
    no pump slip

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  • touch-screen display
  • PC with software for data visualisation and storage
    (Windows 9x/2k/NT/XP/7)
  • weight: approx. 60 kg
    (depending on model)
  • dimension (BxHxT):
    approx. 120 x 65 x 60 cm
    (depending on model)
  • mains power: 240 VAC @ 50/60Hz or 120VAC @ 60Hz
  • power consumption: 3500 Watt max